Publications

Featured Publication


  •  new icon CRI Analysis of Massachusetts House Bill 2686* (repeal of Bottle Bill with penny fee on beverage containers for 3 years) - April 2018

    House Bill 2686*, “An Act Improving Recycling in the Commonwealth” would repeal the existing beverage container deposit law (the “bottle bill”), and in its place would impose a 1-cent fee on all carbonated and non-carbonated beverages. Collected revenues would be put into a “Municipal Recycling Enhancement Fund” (the Fund), with funding to be used for recycling and litter programs. The bill sunsets this fee after three years.  Download PDF [PDF, 806KB]

  • Cost of Curbside Recycling for Beverage Containers - May 31st, 2018

    As all recycling professionals know, recycling isn’t a zero-cost service, even though it is often provided for “free” to households. Providing recycling for “free” is a deliberate policy decision made by municipalities to incentivize participation by residents and businesses.  Download PDF [PDF, 228KB]

  •  Winners and Losers Under Iowa House File 575: An Analysis - March 2018

    The Container Recycling Institute (CRI) has analyzed Iowa HF 575, successor to HSB 163.1 It would repeal the beverage container deposit law (“bottle bill”), and would impose a 1¢ “recycling program fee” on carbonated beverages.  Download PDF [PDF, 684KB]

  •  Massachusetts Container Deposit Return System: 2016 Employment and Economic Impacts in the Commonwealth (June 2017- Addendum April 2018) 

    This report examines a suite of economic impacts associated with the existing Massachusetts “Bottle Bill” (originally passed as the Beverage Container Recovery Law; H.2943/S.1588).
    Get Download Link [PDF, 471KB]

    Addendum April 10th, 2018 - Download PDF [PDF, 32KB] 
    Updated Imagery included here: Download PDF [PDF, 283KB]

  •  California’s Beverage Container Redemption Center Crisis:  THE BIGGEST LOSERS (July, 2017)

    California needs to help restore redemption center coverage in the “recycling deserts” in the state. Here’s why. (July 2017)
    Download PDF [PDF, 29KB]

    • Cullet Comparisons - February 2017

      Jurisdictions across North America are pondering how to handle the challenging economics of glass recovery. A beverage container recycling specialist adds to the conversation with an in-depth look at the numbers from different glass programs around the globe.
      Download PDF [PDF, 5.9MB]

    •  Understanding Delaware’s Universal Recycling Law  (Updated: February 2017)

      The American Beverage Association (ABA) recently released an “Issue Analysis” which examines the impacts of Delaware’s new Universal Recycling Law, implemented in 2011. The Container Recycling Institute (CRI) has prepared this fact sheet to provide additional information not currently presented in ABA’s analysis.
      Download PDF [PDF, 602KB]

    •  Integrity of California’s Beverage Container Deposit System  Threatened by Processing Payment Shortfalls - Report (Updated: April 2016)

      Declining scrap prices coupled with problematic compensation formulas have produced processing payment shortfalls that have already forced the closure of more than 400 redemption centers in California, posing a serious threat to the state’s beverage container recycling infrastructure and sharply constricting consumers’ ability to recover the CRV (container refund value) to which they are entitled.
      Download PDF [PDF, 602KB]

    •  Processing Payment Shortfall FactSheet (Updated: April 2016)

      Though it would require a statutory change, CRI recommends that the processing payment calculation method be reevaluated to protect the solvency of the recycling centers upon which the California beverage container recycling infrastructure depends.
      Download PDF [PDF, 310KB]

    • BCcasestudycoverBC Case Study: The Environmental and Economic Performance of Beverage Container Reuse and Recycling in British Columbia, Canada - August 2015


      The Container Recycling Institute (CRI) undertook this case study of British Columbia’s container deposit-refund law (CDL) for two reasons: first, to expand CRI’s existing body of research on best practices for the recovery and quality recycling of packaging materials; and second, to investigate recent increases in container recycling fees (CRF) in the province, especially for glass containers. Get a Download Link

      Encorp’s response letter to the BC Case Study - Download Here

    • Comparative Table of Container Deposit States Inclusion of Cider in Respective Container Deposit Laws - July 2015

      Comprehensive list of Container Deposit States that do include Cider in their container deposit laws.
      Download PDF
    • Estimating Beverage Container Litter Quantities and Cleanup Costs in Michigan - April 2015

      This paper looks at litter cleanup efforts and associated costs in Michigan, and attempts to determine the proportion of litter composed of discarded beverage containers.
      Download PDF

    • Beverage Container Recycling Rate March 2015 Update

      Listing of Beverage Container Recycling Rates by State for Deposit Containers Only.
      Download PDF

    • Understanding Delaware’s Universal Recycling Law (February 2015)

      The American Beverage Association (ABA) recently released an “Issue Analysis” which examines the impacts of Delaware’s new Universal Recycling Law, implemented in 2011. The Container Recycling Institute (CRI) has prepared this fact sheet to provide additional information not currently presented in ABA’s analysis.
      Download PDF

    • Comparison of Container Deposit Programs in the United States (September 2014)

      This paper compares state specific container deposit program information. Because of different reporting requirements across beverage container deposit states some information was obtained from some states, while the same information was not available from other states.
      Download PDF
    • Examining the Potential for Increased Revenues in California’s Beverage Container Deposit-­‐Return Program (August 13, 2014)

      CRI’s analysis suggests that there may be nearly 3.7 billion units (3,690,008,614 units) for which no deposit has been paid. These “free-­‐riders” in the system are worth more than $206 million in potentially uncollected CRV.
      Get Download Link
    • Sierra Club Report: Analysis of S.379: An Act Improving Recycling in the Commonwealth

      An analysis of the effects of passage of S.379 on litter, recycling, employment, and state and local financing.
      Download PDF [PDF, 117KB]

     

     

    CRI Reports


    BCcasestudycoverThe Environmental and Economic Performance of Beverage Container Reuse and Recycling in British Columbia, Canada

    The Container Recycling Institute (CRI) undertook this case study of British Columbia’s container deposit-refund law (CDL) for two reasons: first, to expand CRI’s existing body of research on best practices for the recovery and quality recycling of packaging materials; and second, to investigate recent increases in container recycling fees (CRF) in the province, especially for glass containers.

    Get Download Link

    bottleduptnailBottled Up (2000-2010) - Beverage Container Recycling Stagnates

    Three pronounced trends in American beverage consumption and recycling patterns have emerged since CRI’s first BMDA looked at year 2000 data: overall sales growth, non-carbonated sales growth, and stagnating recycling rates—all of which are resulting in higher rates of landfilling, incineration and littering, and other negative environmental impacts.    

    Get Download Link [PDF, 2.1MB]

    A_Common_ThemeA Common Theme: Single Stream Recycling

    Is single-stream recycling service the salvation of all recycling programs or is there a better way forward? Our author digs into the untold story of real residue rates and a PREFERABLE METHOD to truly recycle more materials at materials recovery facilities.

     

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    CRI JobsReturning to Work:
    Understanding the Domestic Jobs Impacts from Different Methods of Recycling Beverage Containers

    December 2011 | While the recycling's impact on jobs has been the subject of several studies in recent years, Returning to Work is the first report to  take into account the vital importance of material quality, throughput quantities, processing dynamics and end-user needs to analyze the net gains in domestic jobs when beverage containers are recovered through recycling.By Clarissa Morawski and Jeffrey Morris for the Container Recycling Institute

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    Cover of single stream reportUnderstanding economic and environmental impacts of single-stream collection systems

    December 2009 | While single-stream recycling is more convenient for consumers and results in lower costs than other collection systems, it also results in more contamination of collected materials, lower material quality, and increased waste. Using data from industry reports and interviews with recyclers, this report that highlights the economic and environmental impacts of switching to a single-stream system.
    By Clarissa Morawski

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    wasterecyclingWasting and Recycling Trends:
    Conclusions from CRI’s 2008 Beverage Market Data Analysis

    January 2009 | Three pronounced trends in American beverage consumption and recycling patterns have emerged since 2000: overall sales growth, non-carbonated sales growth, and stagnating recycling rates—all of which lead to increasing wasting. Using data from the 2008 Beverage Market Data Analysis, CRI has compiled a report discussing those trends.By Container Recycling Institute

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    waterwaterWater, Water Everywhere:
    The Growth of Non-carbonated Beverages in the United States

    February 2007 | Sales of bottled water in the U.S. are going up, up and up.  In the three years between 2002 and 2005, sales doubled from from 15 billion units sold, to 29.8 billion. This is almost seven times the 3.8 billion units sold in 1997.  At the same time, traditional fizzy drinks are losing market share. What does this all mean? More PET bottles produced, more wasted, and a smaller percentage recycled.By Jennifer Gitlitz and Pat Franklin

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    the10centThe 10¢ Incentive to Recycle

    Augus 2006 | This "bottle bill primer" sets the record straight on the environmental and economic impacts of beverage container deposit systems (bottle bills), and uses documented evidence to rebut the arguments made by the anti-bottle bill, beverage industry lobby. The 10¢ Incentive to Recycle, revised with 2004 data, also contains updated facts, figures, charts and graphs.By Container Recycling Institute

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    trashcanTrashed Cans: The Global Environmental Impacts of Aluminum Can Wasting in America

    June 2002 |This exciting report from CRI documents the sharp rise in aluminum can wasting over the last thirty years and draws a detailed picture of the environmental impacts of extracting energy and resources to replace wasted cans. The report presents reasons for the recent decline in aluminum can recycling rates, and offers solutions to reverse the wasting trend.By Jennifer Gitlitz

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    extendedExtended Producer Responsibility - a Primer

    1997 | Extended Producer Responsibility is the concept that the primary responsibility for waste generated during a product's manufacturing and after the product is discarded, is that of the producer of the product.  This primer goes on to explain the ultimate goals of EPR and the different forms of EPR policies, and discusses the reasons that manufacturers are reluctant to adopt these policies.By Pat Franklin

    Get Download Link

    Cover of newsletterContainer and Packaging Recycling Update

    Printed yearly | The Container Recycling Institute's official newsletter is filled with information about what's happening in the world of beverage packaging. Learn the status of state bottle bills and bottle bill campaigns. Find out about strides and setbacks in sustainability and recycling.
    By Container Recycling Institute

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