Publications

Featured Publication


  • new iconBCcasestudycoverBC Case Study: The Environmental and Economic Performance of Beverage Container Reuse and Recycling in British Columbia, Canada - August 2015


    The Container Recycling Institute (CRI) undertook this case study of British Columbia’s container deposit-refund law (CDL) for two reasons: first, to expand CRI’s existing body of research on best practices for the recovery and quality recycling of packaging materials; and second, to investigate recent increases in container recycling fees (CRF) in the province, especially for glass containers. Get a Download Link

     

  • new iconComparative Table of Container Deposit States Inclusion of Cider in Respective Container Deposit Laws - July 2015

    Comprehensive list of Container Deposit States that do include Cider in their container deposit laws.
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  • Estimating Beverage Container Litter Quantities and Cleanup Costs in Michigan - April 2015

    This paper looks at litter cleanup efforts and associated costs in Michigan, and attempts to determine the proportion of litter composed of discarded beverage containers.
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  • Beverage Container Recycling Rate March 2015 Update

    Listing of Beverage Container Recycling Rates by State for Deposit Containers Only.
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  • Understanding Delaware’s Universal Recycling Law (February 2015)

    The American Beverage Association (ABA) recently released an “Issue Analysis” which examines the impacts of Delaware’s new Universal Recycling Law, implemented in 2011. The Container Recycling Institute (CRI) has prepared this fact sheet to provide additional information not currently presented in ABA’s analysis.
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  • Comparison of Container Deposit Programs in the United States (September 2014)

    This paper compares state specific container deposit program information. Because of different reporting requirements across beverage container deposit states some information was obtained from some states, while the same information was not available from other states.
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  • Examining the Potential for Increased Revenues in California’s Beverage Container Deposit-­‐Return Program (August 13, 2014)

    CRI’s analysis suggests that there may be nearly 3.7 billion units (3,690,008,614 units) for which no deposit has been paid. These “free-­‐riders” in the system are worth more than $206 million in potentially uncollected CRV.
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  • Sierra Club Report: Analysis of S.379: An Act Improving Recycling in the Commonwealth

    An analysis of the effects of passage of S.379 on litter, recycling, employment, and state and local financing.
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CRI Reports


BCcasestudycoverThe Environmental and Economic Performance of Beverage Container Reuse and Recycling in British Columbia, Canada

The Container Recycling Institute (CRI) undertook this case study of British Columbia’s container deposit-refund law (CDL) for two reasons: first, to expand CRI’s existing body of research on best practices for the recovery and quality recycling of packaging materials; and second, to investigate recent increases in container recycling fees (CRF) in the province, especially for glass containers.

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bottleduptnailBottled Up (2000-2010) - Beverage Container Recycling Stagnates

Three pronounced trends in American beverage consumption and recycling patterns have emerged since CRI’s first BMDA looked at year 2000 data: overall sales growth, non-carbonated sales growth, and stagnating recycling rates—all of which are resulting in higher rates of landfilling, incineration and littering, and other negative environmental impacts.    

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A_Common_ThemeA Common Theme: Single Stream Recycling

Is single-stream recycling service the salvation of all recycling programs or is there a better way forward? Our author digs into the untold story of real residue rates and a PREFERABLE METHOD to truly recycle more materials at materials recovery facilities.

 

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CRI JobsReturning to Work:
Understanding the Domestic Jobs Impacts from Different Methods of Recycling Beverage Containers

December 2011 | While the recycling's impact on jobs has been the subject of several studies in recent years, Returning to Work is the first report to  take into account the vital importance of material quality, throughput quantities, processing dynamics and end-user needs to analyze the net gains in domestic jobs when beverage containers are recovered through recycling.By Clarissa Morawski and Jeffrey Morris for the Container Recycling Institute

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Cover of single stream reportUnderstanding economic and environmental impacts of single-stream collection systems

December 2009 | While single-stream recycling is more convenient for consumers and results in lower costs than other collection systems, it also results in more contamination of collected materials, lower material quality, and increased waste. Using data from industry reports and interviews with recyclers, this report that highlights the economic and environmental impacts of switching to a single-stream system.
By Clarissa Morawski

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wasterecyclingWasting and Recycling Trends:
Conclusions from CRI’s 2008 Beverage Market Data Analysis

January 2009 | Three pronounced trends in American beverage consumption and recycling patterns have emerged since 2000: overall sales growth, non-carbonated sales growth, and stagnating recycling rates—all of which lead to increasing wasting. Using data from the 2008 Beverage Market Data Analysis, CRI has compiled a report discussing those trends.By Container Recycling Institute

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waterwaterWater, Water Everywhere:
The Growth of Non-carbonated Beverages in the United States

February 2007 | Sales of bottled water in the U.S. are going up, up and up.  In the three years between 2002 and 2005, sales doubled from from 15 billion units sold, to 29.8 billion. This is almost seven times the 3.8 billion units sold in 1997.  At the same time, traditional fizzy drinks are losing market share. What does this all mean? More PET bottles produced, more wasted, and a smaller percentage recycled.By Jennifer Gitlitz and Pat Franklin

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the10centThe 10¢ Incentive to Recycle

Augus 2006 | This "bottle bill primer" sets the record straight on the environmental and economic impacts of beverage container deposit systems (bottle bills), and uses documented evidence to rebut the arguments made by the anti-bottle bill, beverage industry lobby. The 10¢ Incentive to Recycle, revised with 2004 data, also contains updated facts, figures, charts and graphs.By Container Recycling Institute

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trashcanTrashed Cans: The Global Environmental Impacts of Aluminum Can Wasting in America

June 2002 |This exciting report from CRI documents the sharp rise in aluminum can wasting over the last thirty years and draws a detailed picture of the environmental impacts of extracting energy and resources to replace wasted cans. The report presents reasons for the recent decline in aluminum can recycling rates, and offers solutions to reverse the wasting trend.By Jennifer Gitlitz

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extendedExtended Producer Responsibility - a Primer

1997 | Extended Producer Responsibility is the concept that the primary responsibility for waste generated during a product's manufacturing and after the product is discarded, is that of the producer of the product.  This primer goes on to explain the ultimate goals of EPR and the different forms of EPR policies, and discusses the reasons that manufacturers are reluctant to adopt these policies.By Pat Franklin

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Cover of newsletterContainer and Packaging Recycling Update

Printed yearly | The Container Recycling Institute's official newsletter is filled with information about what's happening in the world of beverage packaging. Learn the status of state bottle bills and bottle bill campaigns. Find out about strides and setbacks in sustainability and recycling.
By Container Recycling Institute

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